Mental Health

    Abdulkhaleq, H. & Aloloum, H. Treating survivors of torture from collectivists Arab cultures. ACCESS: Psychosocial Rehabilitation Center, Victims of torture & Refugee prevention program.

    Crosby, S. S. (2013). Primary care management of non–English-speaking refugees who have experienced trauma: a clinical review. JAMA, 310(5), 519-528.

    Crowley, C. (2009). The mental health needs of refugee children: a review of literature and implications for nurse practitioners. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21(6), 322-331.

    Fazel, M., Wheeler, J., & Danesh, J. (2005). Prevalence of serious mental disorder in 7000 refugees resettled in western countries: a systematic review.The Lancet, 365(9467), 1309-1314.

    Fazel, M., & Stein, A. (2002). The mental health of refugee children. Archives of disease in childhood, 87(5), 366-370.

    Flaskerud, J. H., & Anh, N. T. (1988). Mental health needs of Vietnamese refugees. Psychiatric Services, 39(4), 435-437.

    Hollifield, M., Verbillis-Kolp, S., Farmer, B., Toolson, E. C., Woldehaimanot, T., Yamazaki, J., … & SooHoo, J. (2013). The Refugee Health Screener-15 (RHS-15): development and validation of an instrument for anxiety, depression, and PTSD in refugees. General hospital psychiatry, 35(2), 202-209.

    Hollifield, M., Warner, T. D., Lian, N., Krakow, B., Jenkins, J. H., Kesler, J., … & Westermeyer, J. (2002). Measuring trauma and health status in refugees: a critical review. Jama, 288(5), 611-621.

    Jamil, H., Hakim-Larson, J., Farrag, M., Kafaji, T., Jamil, L. H., & Hammad, A. (2005). Medical complaints among Iraqi American refugees with mental disorders. Journal of immigrant health, 7(3), 145-152.

    Kira, I. A., Ahmed, A., Mahmoud, V., & Wasim, F. (2009). Group therapy model for refugee and torture survivors. Torture: quarterly journal on rehabilitation of torture victims and prevention of torture, 20(2), 108-113.

    Lowman, M. E. (2013). Mental Health Screening and Barriers to Care of Refugees in the Triangle Area of North Caroline: a Community Survey & Program Intervention Approach. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved from:

    Nadeau, L., & Measham, T. (2006). Caring for migrant and refugee children: challenges associated with mental health care in pediatrics. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 27(2), 145-154.

    Mölsä, M., Punamäki, R. L., Saarni, S. I., Tiilikainen, M., Kuittinen, S., & Honkasalo, M. L. (2014). Mental and somatic health and pre-and post-migration factors among older Somali refugees in Finland. Transcultural psychiatry, 1363461514526630.

    Porter, M., & Haslam, N. (2005). Predisplacement and postdisplacement factors associated with mental health of refugees and internally displaced persons: a meta-analysis. Jama, 294(5), 602-612.

    Pumariega, A. J., Rothe, E., & Pumariega, J. B. (2005). Mental health of immigrants and refugees. Community mental health journal, 41(5), 581-597.

    Refugee Services: National Partnership for Community Training. Domestic Violence Information Guide: Domestic Violence in a Refugee Context.

    Ringold, S., Burke, A., & Glass, R. M. (2005). Refugee mental health. JAMA ,294(5), 646-646.

    Shannon, P. J. (2014). Refugees’ advice to physicians: how to ask about mental health. Family practice, 31(4), 462-466.

    Watters, C. (2001). Emerging paradigms in the mental health care of refugees. Social Science & Medicine, 52(11), 1709-1718.

Survivors of Torture:

    Burnett, A., & Peel, M. (2001). Asylum seekers and refugees in Britain: The health of survivors of torture and organised violence. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 322(7286), 606.

    Liedl, A., Müller, J., Morina, N., Karl, A., Denke, C., & Knaevelsrud, C. (2011). Retracted: Physical Activity within a CBT Intervention Improves Coping with Pain in Traumatized Refugees: Results of a Randomized Controlled Design.Pain Medicine, 12(2), 234-245.

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